Congenital juvenile granulosa cell tumor of the testis: Case report and literature review

Carolina Talini, Leticia Alves Antunes, Bruna Cecilia Neves de Carvalho, Paula Trintinalha, Fernanda Heloisa Cardoso Vargas, Ayrton Alves Aranha Junior


Juvenile granulosa cell tumor (JGCT) is a very rarely diagnosed benign tumor, accounting for 1.2% of all prepubertal testicular tumors. A full-term healthy neonate was diagnosed with a painless left scrotal mass. During evaluation it was identified to have about two times the volume of the contralateral testis, presenting a firm consistency, not as hard as the consistency of a prenatal testicular torsion. Doppler ultrasound detected a multicystic left testicular mass, with normal blood flow, but failed in detecting normal-appearing testis. Human chorionic gonadotropin (?-HCG) and serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) were normal. Inguinal approach was performed, section of the lesion was sent to frozen biopsy and excluded yolk sac tumor, and however the impossibility of detecting normal testis tissue indicated orchiectomy with high ligation of the spermatic cord. Histological evaluation demonstrated gray testicular parenchyma with multicystic aspect fulfilled with yellow fluid. The usual clinical presentation of JGCT is a painless scrotal mass, radiological imaging demonstrates a multicystic tumor. Tumoral markers levels are normal and the standard treatment is the inguinal orchiectomy.


Granulosa cell tumor; testis tumor; scrotal mass

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